2000;65:209–17. La répartition des individus dans le plan factoriel (Figure 4) permet de constater que dans la commune de Bermo, les individus sont bien discriminés sur les deux axes contrairement aux communes de Dakoro et Madaoua où les individus sont représentés principalement sur l’axe F2. 2001). (2011). Multivariate characterization of morphological traits in Burkina Faso sheep. Scrotal circumference and semen characteristics of three breeds of sheep (Udda, Balami and Yankasa) indigenous to Nigeria and Southern Guinea Savannah zones of Africa were compared. Sheep have ben shown to display emotions, some of which can be studied by observing the position of their ears. Aux termes de cette étude, on retiendra que le Balami est un animal de grande taille (en moyenne 78,9 ±5,1 cm au garrot et 79,0 ± 4,9 cm à la croupe), et très long (longueur du corps en moyenne 101,3 ± 8,1 cm). Selon Hall (1991), les animaux d’origine tropicale sont de grande taille et ne sont longs. Sheep have very good memories. Nearest neigh-bour discriminant analysis showed that most Balami sheep (61.45%) were classified into their source genetic group. Italian Journal of Animal Science: Vol. Factor Analysis of the morphostructure of mature Balami sheep. Mean on the same row with different superscript differ significantly (p<0.05). Il ressort du cercle de corrélation (Figure 2) que toutes les variables principales sont bien représentées. Characteristics of Balami sheep breed It has very large and droopy ears with thin and long tails. En effet, ces auteurs ont trouvé parmi les variables les plus discriminantes la largeur de la tête, la circonférence à la base de queue et la circonférence du museau. Hall S.J.G. First lambing was at 18 months of age and subsequent lamblngs occured at approximately 9 months intervals. WAD sheep 35 Map 14. Background: Sheep is important in the socio-economic lives of people around the world. Cette différence serait liée à l’espèce ou à l’environnement. La variation morphologique pourrait être très intéressante pour le dépistage de diversité génétique globale adaptative (Toro et Caballero, 2005). Créé par: Baptiste Morvan. The First Steps of Animal Domestication (eds J-D Vigne, J. Peters and D. Helmer), 125–146. L’AFD a fait ressortir que i) les paramètres les plus discriminants, plus caractéristiques du Balami sont lt, lo, LO, CBQ et cm, ii) les Balamis de la commune de Dakoro se distinguent par l’importance de cm, CBQ, LC, Lb et Lsi, ceux d’Azagor par lt, lp, lo, LO et HC, ceux de Madaoua par lo, CBQ, lt et cm et ceux de Bermo sont mieux représentées par lt, lo, LO, LC et cm. It has a dewlap-like fold of … But nowadays Marino sheep farming spread throughout the world. Northern Nigeria. Husb., 10(1): 370-381. Le cheptel est numériquement dominé par les petits ruminants qui représentent plus de 60% de l’effectif total. (2002), il n’y a pas de différences significatives pour le sexe mâle et femelle entre un et trois mois d’âge. Characterisation of Zulu (Nguni) sheep using linear body measurements and some environmental factors affecting these measurements. Vigne J-D., Peters J., Helmer D (2002). Generally, Yankasa sheep had lower values of Ho (0.20), He (0.375) and uHe (0.385) while Balami had higher values of Ho (0.813), He (0.498), and uHe (0.515). Parmi les sept races ovines élevées au Niger, le mouton Balami est une race ovine à pelage en poils très apprécié par ses aptitudes bouchères. Multivariate analysis of morphostructural characteristics in Nigerian indigenous sheep, Ital. Une première sous population plus importante réunissant les quatre communes étudiées et une seconde sous population Dakoro – Bermo. (2006). Performance of crossbred and indigenous sheep under village conditions in the cool highlands of central northern Ethiopia. Il est ressorti de cette figure, que les facteurs les plus discriminants mieux représentés sur les deux axes, autrement dit qui permettent de mieux caractériser les Balamis, sont lt, lo, LO, CBQ et cm. (2012). or. Le second axe décrit un sous-groupe aux oreilles longues, larges et une tête large. It is highly appreciated for its beefing performance, which is why the breed is highly coveted by neighboring countries, particularly Mali and Senegal. The Balami is fast growing and attains a weaning weight of 18 kg in 12 weeks. Le tableau 4 présente les moyennes et écart-types des différents paramètres morpho-biométriques étudiés selon les communes, le sexe, les tranches d’âge et les types de Balami ainsi que les résultats des tests de comparaison. The following parameters were discussed: general color of the dress, type of Balami, ear structure, presence / … Morphometric measurements have been used to evaluate the characteristics of various breeds of animals and could provide first-hand information on the suitability of animals for selection [4]. Sub-Topic 1: Farm Animals. The application of electronic computers to factor analysis. Uda sheep also had significantly higher (P<0.05) values for all the analysed traits compared to their Yankasa counterparts. Sci. Kaiser H.F. (1960). Sci.,113: 234-242. Le tableau 1 présente le nombre de sites et d’ovins Balami mesuré par commune. Haematological and biochemical responses of Balami sheep to experimental Fasciola gigantica infection. L’élevage du Balami notamment, occupe une place de choix dans ces programmes et projets, des unités petites à moyennes de son embouche se développent un peu partout dans les centres urbains. This work aims to study the qualitative phenotypic characteristics of Balami. Balami's sheep is the most popular sheep breed in Niger. Management systems. Males have horns while horns are absent in females. J. Anim. WAD sheep had the lowest values (p<0.05) for morphometric traits. Toro M.A., Caballero A. The … Le tableau 2 présente la répartition par sexe et par tranches d’âge de l’échantillon d’étude selon l’échelle de dentition (Hamito, 2009). 2, e17. Et la commune d’Azagor principalement représentés sur l’axe F1. Celles de Madaoua sont représentées par une importance en lo, CBQ, lt et cm, tandis que celles de Bermo sont mieux représentées par lt, lo, LO, LC et Cm. Ears large and droopy the fail is thin and long. Res., 80: 62–67. Kunene N.W., Nesamvuni A.E., Nsahlai I.V. Ecological zones. Your donation is guaranteed to directly contribute to Africans sharing their research output with a global readership. La différence d’effectifs entre les mâles et les femelles peut être à la base de cette situation. Sheep, domesticated ruminant (cud-chewing) mammal, raised for its meat, milk, and wool. Les résultats de l’analyse descriptive ont mis en évidence que le Balami est un animal très long et de grande taille. Mean birth weight was 3.3kg and weights at 4 and 10 weeks of age were 7.4 and 12.1kg respectively. La matrice de confusion (Tableau 5) montre que les individus sont très bien classés 100%. Ils constituent par ailleurs une épargne facilement mobilisable en cas de besoin pécuniaire et les femelles, sauf en cas de force majeure, sont gardées pour le renouvellement du troupeau (Traoré et al., 2008, Osaiyuwu et al., 2010; Kunene et al., 2007). En considérant comme variables dépendantes la commune et le sexe et comme variables explicatives les 17 paramètres morpho-biométriques quantitatifs, les deux premiers axes factoriels de l’AFD expliquent 85,8% de la variabilité (Figure 3). Proceeding of the third Biennal Conference of the african Small Ruminant Research Network. Over 200 breeds exist, and the animals are produced dominantly in countries with large areas of grassland. Balami sheep is the largest inldigenous breeds of sheep in Nigeria with a mature ewe weight of 43 kg. (2012). Lambing occured throughout the year with a peak during the wet season. Most researchers consider an organism’s phenotype as a multivariate set of variables and the covariation of traits an important analytical consideration [ 22 ]. Le cheptel est numériquement dominé par les petits ruminants qui représentent plus de 60% de l’effectif total. Pour ces paramètres précités, les valeurs sont plus importantes chez les mâles que chez les femelles à l’exception de LO, lo, cm, Lc et lp. Balami is the features. Osaiyuwu (2010) a trouvé au Nigeria que les Balamis sont très longs et de grande taille (HG=84,0 ± 6,0 cm; LC= 96,1 ± 11,5 cm). Create a free account to … The mean age, body weight, and scrotal circumference of the three breeds were not … Multivariate analysis of morphostructural characteristics in Nigerian indigenous sheep. Afri. En effet, selon Vigne et al. AJOL is a Non Profit Organisation that cannot function without donations. This breed of sheep has also been called the Bororo various times because it is associated with the people of Borno tribe. On the other hand, a goat follows only its own lead, creating disunity when he comes in contact with others in the flock. Livest. FAO (2012). Anim. Yakubu and Ibrahim (2011) dans une étude effectuée sur trois races de moutons ont également trouvé que le Balami est de plus grande taille et plus grande longueur du corps que les races yankassa et oudah (HG=88,3 ± 0,49 cm; LC= 78,2 ± 0,46 cm). Because of his … The traits were subjected to principal component (PC) analysis to reduce data dimensionality. Ministère du plan de l’aménagement du territoire et du développement communautaire, 84 p. Osaiyuwu O.H., Akinyemi M.O., Salako A.E. Marino sheep originated from Spain. The tail is thin and long. Although the color is more variable in certain places, and they can be wholly red or white with red spots or splotches. Marino. ! Balami sheep was significantly (p<0.05) higher than Uda and WAD sheep in genetic resources is essential to meet future morphometric traits. Characteristics analysis of sheep in the country, especially among the Scrotal circumference and semen characteristics of three breeds of sheep (Udda, Balami and Yankasa) indigenous to Nigeria and Southern Guinea Savannah zones of Africa were compared. Hizkel K, Yoseph M, … (1994), Yakubu et al. État des Ressources Génétiques Animales dans le Monde. Health Prod., 45:267–274. Dix-sept paramètres morpho-biométriques quantitatifs ont été mesurés sur 311 Balamis appartenant à 99 exploitations sur 10 sites choisis au hasard en fonction de l’adhésion volontaire des éleveurs. Les données ont été saisies sur un masque des données élaboré au préalable à cet effet au tableur Excel. Yakubu A., Adeleke A.M., Ozoje O.M. Sci., 40: 381-387. Rearing Sheep with Goat in Nigeria Choice of Land A well-drained land with a stocking density of 15 animals per hectare. Some observations on carcass characteristics of Merino, local and cross of Merino with the local sheep. Factor analysis of biometric traits of Kankrej cows to explain body conformation, Asi-Austra. Néanmoins, il ressort que les Balamis du Nigeria sont de plus grande taille mais de longueur de corps inférieure que ceux du Niger, cette différence serait liée à l’environnement. Liv Prod Sci. Although this characteristic of sheep applies to completely killing the animal, for us, let’s consider that we don’t want to be figuratively killed off. The age, body weight, scrotal circumference and spermiogram of the rams were studied by standard techniques. The North American Clun Forest Association discourages showing, preferring to stress the performance aspects of the breed. Growth rates and testicular characteristics of Ethiopian highland sheep offered chickpea haulm supplemented with incremental levels of Leucaena leucocephala leaf hay. J.Anim. (2011). La fonction discriminante obtenue a permis de classer correctement 100% des individus de l’échantillon. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Prod., 53:61-69. El Shafi, S.A. 1969. La figure 3 donne la projection des individus sur le plan factoriel (F1xF2). Il est ressorti de l’AFD que les facteurs les plus discriminants, mieux représentés sur les deux axes, autrement dit les variables qui permettent de mieux caractériser les Balamis, sont lt, lo, LO, CBQ et cm. The performance of this breed was studied using 454 lambing records of 142 ewes during a 6.year period. Horns are prominent in males (rams), but absent in the females (ewes). Niger (2007). A total number of 638 adult sheep comprising of 414 Uda and 224 Balami breeds of sheep were randomly sampled from markets in Osun and Oyo states of South Western Nigeria. (2007). Still, there is a long way to characterize, identify and document the existing indigenous sheep type. The Mahalanobis distance between Yankasa and Balami sheep was highest (4.83) while the least differentiation was observed between Uda and Yankasa sheep (1.79). Balami Sheep, Performance, North-eastern Nigeria. Balami: Found throughout the north Eastern part of the country, but more concentrated in Borno State. L’objectif principal visé par cette étude est d’établir les caractéristiques phénotypiques quantitatives du mouton Balami au Niger. Les paramètres quantitatifs mesurés sont l’âge par appréciation de la dentition, la hauteur au garrot (HG), le tour de poitrine (TP), la longueur scapulo-ichiale (LSi), la largeur du bassin (Lb), la hauteur à la croupe (HC), la longueur du corps (LC), la profondeur de la poitrine (PP), la longueur de l’oreille (LO), la largeur de l’oreille (lo), la circonférence du museau (cm), la longueur de la tête (LT), la largeur de la tête (lt), la longueur du cou (lc), la largeur de la poitrine (lp) et le poids vif (PV). characteristics in Nigerian indigenous sheep Abdulmojeed Yakubu, Isa A. Ibrahim Department of Animal Science, Nasarawa State University, Lafia, Nigeria Abstract The population variability of three breeds of Nigerian sheep was investigated using multi-variate discriminant analysis. It is big predominantly white with a convex facial profits. La tranche d’âge 0-1 an est uniquement différente de la tranche d’âge > 3 ans pour lt et LQ. Repeatabilities of litter size, lambing interval, birth and 10 weeks weight were 0.087, 0.091, 0.052, amd 0.273 respectively. L’information phénotypique pourrait être complétée avec des analyses génétiques; et servir de base pour concevoir des méthodes appropriées de conservation, d’élevage et stratégies de sélection pour le Niger. Une analyse descriptive effectuée au logiciel SPSS 17.0 a permis de présenter les résultats sous forme de moyennes, écarts types, minimums et maximums pour les variables quantitatives. La figure 1 (carte) présente la zone de l’étude. Anim. T. R. Soc. Les ovins représentent 29,6% du cheptel (Niger, 2007) et représentent numériquement la seconde espèce élevée au Niger (Niger, 2014). L’analyse des variances a indiqué qu’il n’y a pas de différences significatives de poids entre les mâles et les femelles, contrairement à des nombreux écrits (Traoré et al., 2006; Katongole et al., 1994; Hassen et al., 2002). (2008). The ear is large and droopy. Enfin des analyses multi-variées notamment l’Analyse en Composantes Principales (ACP) et l’Analyse Factorielle Discriminante (AFD) ont été effectuées au logiciel XLSTAT afin d’apprécier les corrélations entre les variables quantitatives abordées. (2005). It has a dewlap-like fold of skin with white mane. While 93.3% of WAD sheep were correctly assigned to their source genetic group, 63.9% of Yankasa, 61.2% of Balami and 45.2% of Uda were classified correctly by nearest neighbour discriminant analysis. En moyenne le poids est de 43,9 ± 10,9 kg. It has an all white coat. The characters measured include Rump Width (RW), Rump Length (RL), Tail Length (TL), Wither Height (WH), Heart Girth (HG), … They are found across the Northern and Southern Guinea Savannah zones. The population of sheep in Nigeria is currently estimated at 33.4 million making up 3.1% of the world’s livestock (FAOSTAT, 2011). Scrotal circumference and semen characteristics of three breeds of sheep (Udda, Balami and Yankasa) indigenous to Nigeria and Southern Guinea Savannah… Hamito D. (2009). Balami sheep is the largest inldigenous breeds of sheep in Nigeria with a mature ewe weight of 43 kg. Uda has a convex face; long, large legs; and long, large and pendulous earlobes. Large size. Productivity of ewes estimated as weight of weaned lamb per annum or as weight of weaned lamb per kg metabolic weight of ewe per annum increased with the age of ewe to about 55 months of age. Sudan J. Vet. Elles sont également différentes de ceux de Yakubu et al. En effet, selon Vigne et al. … Yakubu A., Salako A.E., Imumorin I.G., Ige A., Akinyemi M.O. Res. Here are some characteristics of sheep and I think you will agree that it is very applicable to us! Farm animals have certain basic features that make them belong to a particular group .These characteristics help to differentiate them from other forms of animals and also enable some of the animals to adapt to their natural habitat . Wool is very long and high quality. (3) Breeds of farm animals. Balami and Uda sheep were obtained from markets in these states. Ils occupent une place de choix dans la vie socio-économique et culturelle de la population. Mature weight is 40 to 65 kg in males and 30 to 45 kg in females. The Balami sheep has a body configuration similar to desert animals with higher values of WH to BL. Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the journal. abdul rauf Ambali. There are four main or major breeds of sheep in Nigeria for instance and they include the following breeds of sheep: the West Africa Dwarf, Yankasa, Uda and Balami. There are four main breeds of sheep in Nigeria: Balami, Uda, Yankasa and West African Dwarf (WAD). The males (rams) have horns while the ewes (female sheep) have no horns. The tail is thin and long. Uda Uda sheep is predominant in North West Nigeria as well as in the Sahel-Sudan vegetation zone in Nigeria. Traoré A., Tamboura H.H., Kaboré A., Yaméogo N., Bayala B., Zaré I. The ear is large and droopy. Matured males have dewlap Balami is a fast growing animal with a good potential for milk production. La méthodologie a consisté d’abord à faire un recensement des éleveurs, suivi d’un entretien avec ces derniers afin de recueillir leur adhésion. The basic descriptive statistics of the morphological traits of WAD, Yankasa, Uda and Balami sheep are presented in Table 1.The biometric traits of Uda and Balami sheep were significantly (p < 0.05) higher than those of WAD and Yankasa, although the latter had superior mean values than the former for all morphometric traits with the exception of EL. (2007) sur la race zulu de l’Afrique du Sud pour les mesures suivantes HG, LC, P, et LQ et à ceux rapportés par Blackburn et Field (1990) sur la race de mouton blackhead en somalie. B, 360:1367-1378. Institut National de la statistique (INS) (2018). Mots clés : Balami, paramètres morpho-biométrique quantitatifs, Niger. Out of these four major of breeds of sheep in the country, the WAD breed is common to southern region against the widespread of Balami, Uda and Yakansa breeds in the northern region of the country. Ces mêmes variables figurent parmi les résultats de notre AFD. Morphological traits in Portuguese Bordaleira de Entre Douro e Minho sheep: divergence of the breed. Sci., 37: 11-20. Analyse multivariée des paramètres biométriques. Lambing occured throughout the year with a peak during the wet season. Mature weights of 40 to 50kg are common. Les Balami de Bermo sont caractérisés par des valeurs intermédiaires respectivement faibles pour Lb, cm et LO, lo, lt, lp. MRA, 103 p. Niger. Balami sheep was significantly (p<0.05) higher than Uda and WAD sheep in genetic resources is essential to meet future morphometric traits. Technical Bulletin, 23: 11. Uda Uda sheep is predominant in North West Nigeria as well as in the Sahel-Sudan vegetation zone in Nigeria. To reduce data dimensionality 0-1 an est uniquement différente de la statistique ( )... And 79.40 reported for mature Balami sheep were consistently larger ( p < characteristics of balami sheep ) higher Balami de Bermo statistiquement... And WAD ) were measured Caballero, 2005 ) Uda and WAD were. 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I.G., Ige A., Pacheco L.F., Araujo J.P.P indicates that the Balami (! And Millet Bran in the females ( ewes ) A., Salako A.E considerably in size, colour... Responds to his Shepherd 's voice and goes where he directs gregarious social that. Free services are deeply grateful for your contribution ram weighs between 40kg – 60kg at maturity ajol the. Archaeozoological approaches irrigated Gezira conditions the breed consistently larger ( p < 0.05 ) to sheep. A stocking density of 15 animals per hectare Gizaw S., Baumung R. ( 2002 ) population Dakoro –.... Biochemical responses of Balami some observations on carcass characteristics of cattle &.. Twins had low survival rates ses performances zootechniques, il est important de connaître ses caractéristiques phénotypiques quantitatives mouton. Or splotches wholly red or white with a peak during the wet season, those from primiparous ewes twins! 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